- Computational Approach to Mathematical Sciences(計算による数理科学の展開), Video Archives -

プロジェクトのホーム(project home) (訂正等はこちらに掲示されることもあります(errata might be posted here))

Lecture(講演者): Andrej Dujella
Title(タイトル): Construction of high rank elliptic curves and related Diophantine problems
Level: Research lecture
形式(format): QuickTime(日本語) , QuickTime(English) (Version 7 or later)
Source: AC2007
Abstract(内容): By Mordell's theorem, the group of an elliptic curve over the rationals is the product of a finite subgroup consisting of all torsion points and $r \ge 0$ copies of an infinite cyclic group. There are exactly 15 possible torsion groups, but little is known about which values of rank $r$ are possible. The conjecture is that rank can be arbitrary large, but it seems to be very hard to find examples with large rank. The current record is an example of elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ with rank $\geq 28$, found by Elkies in May 2006. There is even a stronger conjecture that for any of 15 possible torsion groups $T$ we have $B(T)=\infty$, where $B(T)=\sup \{ {\rm rank}\,(E(\mathbb{Q})) \,:\, \mbox{torsion group of $E$ over $ \mathbb{Q}$ is $T$} \}$. It follows from results of Montgomery and Atkin \& Morain that $B(T)\geq 1$ for all admissible torsion groups $T$. We improved this result by showing that $B(T)\geq 3$ for all $T$. In this talk, we will describe some recent improvements on lower bounds for $B(T)$. The information about current records for all admissible torsion groups can be found on my web page http://web.math.hr/~duje/tors/tors.html. Construction of high-rank curves in families of elliptic curves appears naturally in several Diophantine problems. We will present results related to elliptic curves induced by Diophantine triples, i.e. curves of the form $y^2=(ax+1)(bx+1)(cx+1)$, where $a,b,c$ are non-zero rationals such that $ab+1$, $ac+1$ and $bc+1$ are perfect squares. We show that there are exactly four types of possible torsion groups, and construct curves with rank equal to $r$, for $r \le 9$. We will also consider arithmetic progressions consisting of integers which are solutions of a Pellian equation. In a recent joint paper with A.Peth\H{o} and P.Tadi\'{c}, we have constructed a seven-term arithmetic progression with the given property, and also several five-term arithmetic progressions which satisfy two different Pellian equations. These results are obtained by studying properties of a parametric family of elliptic curves.
Message from the speaker:

Keywords: serial=0051, type=research lecture
License(ライセンス): No modification and free distribution. (creative commons, Attribution-NoDerivative works 2.1) Details

Attachments (PDF)


Lecture video (講義映像)

If you watch movies by streaming on Windows, please do not stop it by the "x" button. Your network connection might become very slow.
Windows上で Streaming で閲覧している場合, 停止するときは, 停止ボタンを必ずおしてください. x で停止しないように. ネットワークの接続速度が極端に遅くなる場合があります.)
To save movies, click the right button. (右クリックでダウンロード保存可能です.)


Streaming (88M, about 44 min) Download(row resolution, 88M) Download(high resolution, 401M)

References and Links (参考文献およびリンク)

  1. AC2007
$Id: 2007-12-07-ac7-dujella.html,v 1.1 2007/12/18 00:09:57 takayama Exp $